New and Existing Materials Used
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What a change a couple of decades have made for kitchen countertops. In addition to the popular laminate material, there is now granite, concrete, glass, stainless steel, and even bamboo to provide a contemporary look.
More classical materials are natur al stone and granite, ceramic, and lava -stone.
Rather than just look at the cosmetic affect here, we are gong to provide you with an
overview of each material as it may save you thousands of pounds from a wrong
purchase. This is not just about looking goo d, it's about practicality and buying a product
that is fit for the purpose.
Let's start with Laminate.
The basic make-up of a laminate countertop is a base of chipboard or fibre composite
board with a melamine type layer on top to create the final color and texture.
Laminate board is probably the cheapest material to use per metre and like -wise the least
expensive to fit. The DIYer can fit laminate quite easily however, be aware that
professional fitters use a template tool to cut the corner sections.
Most laminate finishes are impact resistant and easy to look after; a damp cloth is
sufficient to keep the surface clean.
Warning: Placing a hot pan directly onto laminate can burn and damage it allowing
moisture ingress that will cause the laminate to p art from the base board.
The next most popular material used in kitchens today is Natural Stone. This comes in
the form of granite, quartz, marble, slate, soapstone, and limestone.
All these materials are more expensive than laminate and not a DIY option . However, the
investment is most definitely worth it when you see the finished product.
Granite is very durable and scratch and heat resistant - but don't lay a hot pan directly on
it for long. Be aware though that, because this is a natural product, it can absorb stains; so
it will need sealing to avoid this. Talk to the supplier and fitter for details.
Quartz is the most robust of all the natural stone products. It is scratch, and stain
resistant. As with granite, be careful not to lay a hot pan direct ly onto the surface for
The color finishes are more consistent than other types but hey, what's the deal with
people who want the natural look but don't like the fluctuations in colour from piece to
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Marble - Not as durable as granite and de finitely requires sealing. However, it's great as
a base for rolling dough and working pastry!
Slate - you either love it or you hate it! It is hard wearing, heat resistant, has low stain
absorbency, and has a beauty all of its own.
Soapstone is a much under-rated finish. You can buy sinks to match which provides a
real contemporary look. Stains can be rubbed out and it is heat resistant - not proof! You
can also treat Soapstone with mineral oil which brings out a richer quality to it's finish
Limestone is the most porous of the natural stones used for kitchen countertops.
Therefore it will need sealing but has a great weathered look - if that's what you want.
Solid Wood countertops can be made from Maple hardwood used as a "butcher block"
and is ideal for carving or chopping meat. Other woods used are Cherry, Teak, and
Walnut that are softer than Maple and therefore need more care. Any solid wood
countertop will need sealing and on -going oiling. The product will obviously show dents
and cut marks but if the "aged" look is what you want, then go for it.
Tile and Ceramic products used as a counter top surface can provide a variety of finishes,
textures, and colours.
You can use materials such as porcelain mosaic tiles, normal ceramic tiles, qua rry stone,
glass tiles, or natural stone cut into tile sized shapes.
You will need to discuss the durability of each product with the supplier to assess it's
fitness for what you want to achieve from your countertop. Some of these issues are of
course discussed above.
Stainless Steel provides a great "professional" look in any kitchen. Most manufacturers
lay the stainless steel onto a solid wood sub -structure to provide strength and reduce the
Be aware that, just like a stainless steel sink, this product will scratch and could dent -
dependent upon the quality of the steel and the sub -structure.
Obviously, it will not stain and is heat resistant. It also shows all those finger marks so
cleaning freaks will have a great time!
Glass is one of those materials that has come on in leaps and bounds in the last 10 years.
Have a good look at it and see if it's for you.
Be aware that there is a difference between toughened and laminated glass; laminated
glass can be cut and drilled after fittin g if required; toughened glass must be "worked" as
part of the manufacturing process. You cannot cut or drill toughened glass.
However, it comes in a variety of colours and thicknesses; it is hard wearing and easy to
keep clean. Check it out, it looks gre at.
Concrete - yes concrete; not how you think of it though. This product is getting more and
more popular as it can be worked into most shapes (including sinks), it is heat and scratch
resistant, comes in custom made colours if required, and it is strong er than other natural
It must be sealed to resist stains and must be regularly waxed to maintain it's sheen and,
finally, cut marks will show.